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Pest Control: Termites

Termite ControlDampwood Termites

Family Hodotermitidae

Dampwood termites live in colonies that are excavated into wood that has a high moisture content. This does not require the wood to have contact with the ground. They are not often found in structures, but the moisture content of wood in buildings must be maintained in order to keep them out. Dampwood termites have the ability to cause major damage to homes over time, so if they are suspected, contact a pest management professional immediately.

Identification:

Color:
Creamy white to brown

Shape:
Long and oval

Size:
Up to ⅝ inch long

Food:
Cellulose products like wood

Habitat:
Build nests in wood with high moisture content

Region:
Found in pacific coastal states, southwest, and Florida

Other Identifying Features:

Decaying wood
“Mud” plugs in openings to wood
These termites will leave behind frass. It will look much like that of drywood termites in that it is six-sided, but with less defined ridges
Eat wood across the grain

Prevention:

Drywood Termites

Family Kalotermitidae

Drywood termites are social insects that infest dry wood. They form colonies of up to 2,500 members, but do not have a caste system. These termites can cause significant damage to homes as they will chew through floors, walls, and any parts that maintain structural integrity. If an infestation is suspected, immediately contact a pest control professional.

Identification:

Color:
Creamy white to light brown

Shape:
Long, narrow and oval

Size:
⅜ – 1 inch long

Food:
Cellulose materials like wood

Habitat:
Infest dry wood and unlike other termites, do not require contact with soil

Region:
Primarily found in southern coastal regions of U.S. and in California

Other Identifying Features:

Termites will leave droppings behind known as frass. These are piles of pelletized wood that have passed through the termite. Droppings left by drywood termites is distinct in that each pellet will have six concave sides with rounded ends.

Prevention:

Formosan Termites

C. formosanus

Formosan termites are a highly aggressive and destructive species. They can cause massive amounts of damage to homes in a matter of a few months. These termites prefer warm climates and dense populations. Prevention is best, but if you suspect formosan termites, contact a pest control professional immediately.

Identification:

Color:
Creamy white to brown

Shape:
Long and oval

Size:
½ inch long

Food:
Cellulose materials like wood

Habitat:
Form mud nests in ground to house massive colonies that can contain millions of termites

Region:
Southeast U.S., California, and Hawaii

Prevention:

Subterranean Termites

Family Rhinotermitidae

Subterranean termites have the ability to eat wood 24 hours a day with their scissor-like jaws. They live in colonies with up to two million members and contribute to billions of dollars worth of property damage every year.

Identification:

Color:
Creamy white to dark brown/black

Shape:
Long, narrow and oval

Size:
Worker- ⅛ to ⅜ inch long
Soldier- ⅛ to ⅜ inch long
Reproductive- ½ inch long

Food:
Wood and other products containing cellulose

Habitat:
Typically live underground, but will make homes in moist areas above ground. Build “mud tubes” that connect to food sources.

Region:
Found throughout United States

Other Identifying Features:

Live in caste system of workers, soldiers, and reproductives. Soldiers are distinguished from workers by powerful mandibles and large brown heads.

Prevention:

Pests

Ant Control

Spider Control

Bed Bug Extermination

Rodent Control

Wasp Removal

Termite Control

Mosquito Control

Other Pests