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Pest Control: Mice

Mouse Removal

House Mice

Mus musculus Linnaeus

Probably the most commonly seen rodent in the U.S., one female house mouse can produce up to 35 young every year. With this high rate of reproduction, a home can be overrun in a short matter of time. House mice build nests out of paper, cardboard, insulation, fabrics and many other things. While they may seem harmless, house mice can cause serious property damage by chewing on housing materials like electrical wires, which can cause house fires. Furthermore, they are vectors for diseases like salmonella, tapeworms, hantavirus, and the plague. If you suspect a mouse infestation contact a pest management professional.

Identification:

Color:
Dusty gray with a cream belly

Shape:
Round

Size:
2½ – 3¾ inches long

Food:
Mainly feed on plants, but are omnivorous

Habitat:
Dependent on associations with humans, so typically found in and around homes

Region:
Found throughout the world

Prevention:

Deer Mice

Peromyscus maniculatus

Deer mice are nocturnal and prefer rural, outdoor areas. They are a common problem in farming areas, vacation homes, and outbuildings. They are excellent climbers. They are common carriers of the Hantavirus which is transmitted by the inhalation of dust particles contaminated by urine, feces, or saliva.

Identification:

Color:
Brown with light feet and underbelly

Shape:
Round

Size:
2¾ – 4 inches long

Food:
Seeds, nuts, small fruits, berries, and insects

Habitat:
Deer mice often nest in tree hollows, log piles, and beneath decks. During winter months, they seek shelter indoors preferring stuffed furniture, wall voids, and tight areas in basements or attics.

Region:
Found throughout the U.S.

Other Identifying Features:

Prevention:

Norway Rats

Rattus Norvegicus (Berkenhout)

Norway Rats are the most common of all rat species. They are commonly called the brown rat, common rat, street rat, or sewer rat. They can live virtually anywhere and often nest close to where humans dwell. They are nocturnal, forage, and often live in large social groups. They are adept at burrowing and will often gnaw through anything from plastic, to lead pipes to obtain food or water.

Identification:

Color:
Brown or gray with scattered black hairs; gray or white underside

Shape:
Long, heavy bodies, blunt muzzle, small ears and eyes

Size:
15 – 20 inches long

Food:
Virtually anything, especially cereal, pasta, and corn

Habitat:
They often nest in basements and in debris or undisturbed materials. They prefer damp environments, like sewage systems.

Region:
Found throughout the U.S.

Prevention:

Voles

Subfamily Arvicolinae (in part)

Voles are often called field or meadow mice, although they are not actually mice. These burrowing rodents can cause massive amounts of damage to lawns, crops, and orchards. If you suspect an infestation, contact a pest management professional.

Identification:

Color:
Variations of black, brown, and gray

Shape:
Mouse-like, but rounder and stouter

Size:
4½ – 5½ inches long, including the tail

Food:
Vegetation like grass, seeds, flowers, leaves, and roots

Habitat:
Live in shallow burrows with nests made of vegetation

Region:
Found throughout the world

Other Identifying Features:

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